Lexus RX (RX 350L, RX450h) 2016-2024 Repair Manual: On-vehicle Inspection

ON-VEHICLE INSPECTION

CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT

HINT:

  • Water Pump Construction Evaporation Port and Drain Plug:

    *1

    Evaporation Port

    *2

    Mechanical Seal

    *3

    Fluid Catch Pocket

    *4

    Drain Plug

    *a

    Typical Water Pump Assembly

    -

    -

  • Water Pump Mechanical Seal
    • The water pump shaft is sealed by a mechanical type seal. Mechanical Seal Components:

      *1

      Spring: Applies pressure to the seal ring to ensure the seal ring and mating ring are in constant contact.

      *2

      Seal Ring: Stationary sealing member in the water pump housing, held in place by the cartridge.

      *3

      Mating Ring: Rotates with the water pump shaft and provides sealing surface for the seal ring.

      *4

      Cartridge: Locates the seal ring and bellows in the water pump housing.

      *5

      Bellows: Seals the cartridge and the seal ring.

      -

      -

  • Temporary Leaks
    • As the water pump assembly rotates, a small amount of engine coolant is discharged to cool and lubricate the sliding surface of the mechanical seal and evaporates.

      (Water pump replacement is not necessary)

    • If debris becomes lodged between the mating ring and seal ring a small gap is formed. This allows coolant to bypass the mechanical seal, flow into the fluid catch pocket, and drain out of the weep hole. This condition is temporary and will no longer be present once the debris breaks up or works its way out of the seal.

      (Water pump replacement is not necessary)

      Examples (Dry Coolant Residue): Examples (Wet Coolant Residue/Drips): Debris in Mechanical Seal:

      *1

      Mating Ring

      *2

      Seal Ring: gap formed by debris

      *3

      Spring

      *4

      Cartridge

      *5

      Bellows

      *6

      Housing Side

      *7

      Impeller Side

      -

      -

PROCEDURE

1. INSPECTION METHOD

(a) Perform a cooling system pressure check to confirm if there are leaks present from areas of the cooling system other than the water pump.

Click here

(1) Are leaks preset in the cooling system other than from the water pump?

Result

Proceed to

Yes

Continue leak diagnosis per the RM and correct any other cooling system leaks first before proceeding

No

Go to Step (b)

(b) Is the coolant level below the "low" indicator on the reservoir?

Result

Proceed to

Yes

Replace the water pump

No

Go to Step (c)

(c) Does the water pump pulley/bearing have excessive free play or does not turn smoothly?

Result

Proceed to

Yes

Replace the water pump

No

Go to Step (d)

(d) A paper towel should be used to determine if a leak is active or was temporary due to debris that has now cleared.

Apply a dry paper towel to the coolant deposits around the water pump. If the paper towel remains dry the leak was temporary and the water pump does not need to be replaced.

If the paper towel becomes wet the leak is active and the water pump should be replaced.

*a

Dry Paper Towel:

DO NOT Replace Water Pump

*b

Wet Paper Towel:

Replace Water Pump

Is the coolant residue wet on the paper towel?

Result

Proceed to

Yes

Replace the water pump

No

No active leak is present, confirm coolant level in the reservoir is correct, clean any coolant residue from the engine and surrounding areas and return the vehicle to the customer.

    Components
    COMPONENTS ILLUSTRATION *1 ENGINE WATER PUMP ASSEMBLY *2 NO. 2 IDLER PULLEY SUB-ASSEMBLY *3 WATER PUMP PULLEY *4 WATER PUMP GASKET *5 V-RIBBED BELT - - N*m (kgf*cm ...

    Removal
    REMOVAL CAUTION / NOTICE / HINT The necessary procedures (adjustment, calibration, initialization or registration) that must be performed after parts are removed and installed, or replaced during engi ...

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    Lexus RX (RX 350L, RX450h) 2016-{YEAR} Owners Manual

    Lexus RX (RX 350L, RX450h) 2016-{YEAR} Repair Manual

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